Types of Mental Illness

Mental illness impacts negatively on one’s thinking, moods or feelings. The most common reasons for mental disorders are feelings of disorders, sadness in some moments and anxiety. These feelings overwhelm people and may cause great difficulty in coping with daily activities like work, enjoying their leisure time or even maintaining relationships withy people.

Mental disorders is not as result of one happening. Only in rare cases that it causes psychosis. Interlinking reasons to mental illness include genetics, environment and the type of lifestyle one leads. There are different degrees and types of mental illness severity

Anxiety Disorder

This illness is common and affects a large number of the world’s population. Patients experience distress and bouts of fear and in extreme cases apprehension. Patients will seem to be doing monologues or public speaking with no target audience.

Symptoms- Extensive damage of the disorder come after six or more months. However, before then, patients experience panic attacks, nightmares, dreading going out of the house, physical pains like nausea and obsessive thoughts. In addition, they respond to certain situations with fear leading to increased heart beats and uncontrolled responses such as screams.

Treatment- Psychotherapy and meditation are the major types of medication for this disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients to respond constructively to phobias like fear. Medication is majorly given as antidepressants.

Mood Disorders

This are severe moody symptoms and disruptions that impact negatively on patients both mental and psychological wellbeing almost on a daily basis. It is estimated that at least 1 out of 10 persons suffer from this illness. If untreated for a long period, it may lead to other diseases like diabetes and heart disease. However with proper treatment they can have productive and normal live in the future.

Symptoms- Unstable relationships, distorted self-image, chronic feelings of being bored or empty, though disconnection among others.

Treatment- Dialectical behavioral therapy is used to teach patients on how to improve relationships while adding validation. The illness has no specific medication but patients are given mood stabilizers and anti-anxiety drugs.

Psychotic Disorders

This serious illness causes a disconnection between the emotional and cognitive functions in the brain. It affects the basic life aspects of human such as language and perception.

Symptoms- Psychotic disorder is characterized by hearing voices, delusions, abnormal reasoning and social withdrawals. In extreme cases, it leads to incoherent speech making victims unable to interact with other people.

Treatment- While medication and psychotherapy are the most recommended treatment options for this disorder, ECT may also be considered especially in cases of severe psychosis. This is because it’s effective in enhancing the transmission of short electrical impulses into the brain.


Dementia is the disruption of one’s conciseness hence affecting the patient’s cognitive health, for example skills due to memory loss. According to research, women are more vulnerable to suffer from dementia unlike men. However, statistics show that many people suffer from dementia after a traumatic accident or military combat.

Symptoms- Memory loss of specific times, people or events, lack of self-identity, detachment from emotions, anxiety and depression. In extreme cases, there may be thoughts of committing suicide. Advanced cases of dementia lead to the Alzheimer’s disease.

Treatment- This disorder can be managed through psychotherapies like dialectical and cognitive behavioral therapy. In addition medications such as use of antidepressants can treat the condition.

Eating Disorders

Studies show that at least 1 out of 20 people suffers from this disorder and this may lead to fatal medical condition s. It is basically a preoccupied with food and not checking one’s weight. However, it may also lead to reduction in food intake in other cases where patients take smaller food potions than usual.

Symptoms- Over, eating, less concern of one’s weight, poor self-image and feeling depresses or distressed.

Treatment- A variety of ways are there to treat this condition. Psychotherapy and medication work well. However, nutritional counselling together with weight restoration monitoring can be effective for both the old and young, advocating for better eating habits.